Lamp Wick

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Replacing The Wick In A Oil Lamp

Vintage clear glass oil lamp with hurricane shade 13 hi hobnail base new wick
vintage clear glass oil lamp with hurricane shade 13 hi hobnail base new wick
$11.00
quality
Vintage kerosene Lantern oil Lamp wick metal barn
vintage kerosene lantern oil lamp wick metal barn
$17.99
quality
ANTIQUE ALADDIN KEROSENE oil MANTLE LAMP brass MODEL B BURNER wick GALLERY NOS
antique aladdin kerosene oil mantle lamp brass model b burner wick gallery nos
$77.00
quality
New old stock Aladdin lamp wick for model B C 21c
new old stock aladdin lamp wick for model b c 21c
$16.50
quality
1M Diameter 5mm Round Cotton Wicks Burner For Kerosene Oil Alcohol Lamp NA
1m diameter 5mm round cotton wicks burner for kerosene oil alcohol lamp na
$5.06
quality
ANTIQUE ALADDIN KEROSENE oil MANTLE LAMP MODEL C nashville BURNER wick GALLERY
antique aladdin kerosene oil mantle lamp model c nashville burner wick gallery
$25.00
quality
Brass Colored Oil Lamp Hanging Lantern With Wick
brass colored oil lamp hanging lantern with wick
$15.50
quality
3 4 Flat Cotton Wick USA 5 Ft Kerosene Oil Lamps Lanterns Emergency Light DIY
3 4 flat cotton wick usa 5 ft kerosene oil lamps lanterns emergency light diy
$6.45
quality
Weather Rite Replacement Wicks for Hurricane Lanterns  Oil Lamps half X5 half
weather rite replacement wicks for hurricane lanterns oil lamps half x5 half
$8.00
quality
Vintage Clear Crystal Rib and Bubble Stem Pattern Small Flat Wick Kerosene Lamp
vintage clear crystal rib and bubble stem pattern small flat wick kerosene lamp
$18.00
quality
Vintage Clear Crystal Nosegay Flat Hand Flat Wick Kerosene Lamp New Martinsville
vintage clear crystal nosegay flat hand flat wick kerosene lamp new martinsville
$18.00
quality
Vintage Clear Crystal Columbia Pattern Finger Hand Flat Wick Kerosene Lamp
vintage clear crystal columbia pattern finger hand flat wick kerosene lamp
$18.00
quality
Vintage Aladdin Wick Raiser for Aladdin Model 8 Kerosene Table Lamp
vintage aladdin wick raiser for aladdin model 8 kerosene table lamp
$15.00
quality
Lot of 2 collectible glass oil lamps green have wicksone has no globe
lot of 2 collectible glass oil lamps green have wicksone has no globe
$5.50
quality
ALADDIN LAMP BRAND BRASS WICK CLEANER P N R111 1B Replaces R111 Wick Cleaner
aladdin lamp brand brass wick cleaner p n r111 1b replaces r111 wick cleaner
$5.95
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Vintage Hurricane Oil Lamp Parts Glass Globes Wicks Chimneys 2773
vintage hurricane oil lamp parts glass globes wicks chimneys 2773
$40.00
quality
Oil Burning Lantern Lamp Globe Burner Wick Strip Beautifully Decorative Useful
oil burning lantern lamp globe burner wick strip beautifully decorative useful
$28.04
quality
10 Round Cotton Wicks 1 8 Oil Lamp New
10 round cotton wicks 1 8 oil lamp new
$9.25
quality
Oil Lamp Mate 1 Inch Flat Cotton Oil Lantern or Oil Lamp Wick with Purple Sti
oil lamp mate 1 inch flat cotton oil lantern or oil lamp wick with purple sti
$8.11
quality
BURNER FOR A RAYO OIL LAMP WICK RISER WORKS
burner for a rayo oil lamp wick riser works
$34.99
quality
Vintage Aladdin Lamps Manual Wick Wall Holder Copper Mantle Cleaner
vintage aladdin lamps manual wick wall holder copper mantle cleaner
$27.99
quality
No 2 Kerosene or OIL LAMP BURNER Holds 3 Chimney COMPLETE with WICK
no 2 kerosene or oil lamp burner holds 3 chimney complete with wick
$6.95
quality
Aladdin B Wick Tube Oil Lamp Part
aladdin b wick tube oil lamp part
$5.00
quality
2 ANTIQUE SHERIDAN HANDHELD SILVER PLATED OIL LAMPS with wick 3 wide
2 antique sheridan handheld silver plated oil lamps with wick 3 wide
$18.95
quality
Pewter Winelight Wine And Cheese Wick The Original Oil Lamp in a Bottle
pewter winelight wine and cheese wick the original oil lamp in a bottle
$9.99
quality
Aladdin 11 wick winder brass oil lamp part
aladdin 11 wick winder brass oil lamp part
$5.00
quality
Vintage Alcohol Other Fuel Lamp Clear Glass w Metal Cap 100 ml 2 Extra Wicks
vintage alcohol other fuel lamp clear glass w metal cap 100 ml 2 extra wicks
$4.95
quality
3 Aladdin 2 Wick part no P929905 for 203 burner NIB NOS lantern lamp kerosene
3 aladdin 2 wick part no p929905 for 203 burner nib nos lantern lamp kerosene
$19.99
quality
2 ANTIQUE BRASS FEUTREE ABEILLE OIL LAMP LANTERNS wicks do not raise up or down
2 antique brass feutree abeille oil lamp lanterns wicks do not raise up or down
$40.00
quality
Vintage Glass Footed Oil Lamp With Wick  Chimney 16 half  Tall X 5 Widest
vintage glass footed oil lamp with wick chimney 16 half tall x 5 widest
$42.59
quality
ALADDIN LAMP VINTAGE BRASS WICK CLEANERSTWOEXCELLENT
aladdin lamp vintage brass wick cleanerstwoexcellent
$11.99
quality
Mini Oil Lamp Vintage Clear Glass Shape of a Rotary Telephone w Wick  15009C
mini oil lamp vintage clear glass shape of a rotary telephone w wick 15009c
$9.99
quality
ALADDIN Model 12 Lamp Wick in Original Box
aladdin model 12 lamp wick in original box
$9.99
quality
Old EAGLE Large Flat Wick Brass Oil Lamp Burner
old eagle large flat wick brass oil lamp burner
$4.99
quality
Aladdin  12 Oil Lamp Vintage Shade Mantel and Wick 12 Cleaner
aladdin 12 oil lamp vintage shade mantel and wick 12 cleaner
$85.00
quality
GWTW  MEDIUM SIZE Flat Wick Oil Lamp Vintage Fuel Ready
gwtw medium size flat wick oil lamp vintage fuel ready
$60.00
quality
2 Old Aladdin Oil Lamp Wick Risers Models 7 thru 11
2 old aladdin oil lamp wick risers models 7 thru 11
$4.99
quality
GloBrite Lantern Wick Oil Lamp Replacement Wick 3 4 in x 7 half in Flat Type
globrite lantern wick oil lamp replacement wick 3 4 in x 7 half in flat type
$4.99
quality
4 Kerosene Oil Flat Wick Brass Lamp Burners 3 Number 1 and 1 Number 2
4 kerosene oil flat wick brass lamp burners 3 number 1 and 1 number 2
$9.99
quality
4 Bradley Hubbard BH or Rayo Tube Wicks For Oil Lamps LAST ONES
4 bradley hubbard bh or rayo tube wicks for oil lamps last ones
$14.50
quality
NOS Large Oil Lamp Tube Wick 4 quarter  X 8
nos large oil lamp tube wick 4 quarter x 8
$20.75
quality
Antique Vintage Handheld Metal Oil Kerosene Lamp w Wick  Globe
antique vintage handheld metal oil kerosene lamp w wick globe
$14.87
quality
12 Aladdin Model 23 Oil Lamp Burner Wicks NOS LAST BOX
12 aladdin model 23 oil lamp burner wicks nos last box
$72.99
quality
NOS No 3 Perfection Wick for Mammoth Hanging Store Oil Lamp Burners
nos no 3 perfection wick for mammoth hanging store oil lamp burners
$3.99
quality
10 Old Oil Lamp Flat Wicks SIZE  1 Burner 5 8 X 8 0 LAST BUNDLE
10 old oil lamp flat wicks size 1 burner 5 8 x 8 0 last bundle
$2.99
quality
LAMPLIGHT OIL LAMP PACK OF 4 7 WHITE WICKS
lamplight oil lamp pack of 4 7 white wicks
$83.00
quality
Hand Blown Art Glass Oil Lamp Unused Purple Lavender White Glass Insert Wick
hand blown art glass oil lamp unused purple lavender white glass insert wick
$26.99
quality
New One Kerosene Oil Central Draft Lamp Wick 2 half BY 7 half 519
new one kerosene oil central draft lamp wick 2 half by 7 half 519
$9.50
quality
Antique 2 Manhattan Brass ARCTIC LIFT Oil Kerosene Lamp Gallery Burner w Wick
antique 2 manhattan brass arctic lift oil kerosene lamp gallery burner w wick
$25.00
quality
Oil lamp brown bear sculpture replaceable wick bottle in picture included
oil lamp brown bear sculpture replaceable wick bottle in picture included
$5.00
quality
Metal Barn Roof Oil Lamp Lid  Wick Use with Citronella or Regular Lamp Oil
metal barn roof oil lamp lid wick use with citronella or regular lamp oil
$6.94
quality
Flat Cotton Oil Lantern Oil Lamp Wick with Purple Stitch 3 4 6Ft Roll GENUINE
flat cotton oil lantern oil lamp wick with purple stitch 3 4 6ft roll genuine
$7.98
quality
Lamplight Ultra Pure Liquid Lamp Decorative Refillable Table Lamp W Xtra Wicks
lamplight ultra pure liquid lamp decorative refillable table lamp w xtra wicks
$15.00
quality
Vintage Cobalt Blue Small Oil Lamp Chimney  Wick 7 half  Tall Made in Hong Kong
vintage cobalt blue small oil lamp chimney wick 7 half tall made in hong kong
$17.00
quality
Antique porcelain base font and wick for GWTW lamp
antique porcelain base font and wick for gwtw lamp
$24.99
quality
Oil Lamp Mate 7 8 Inch Flat Cotton Oil Lantern or Oil Lamp Wick with Purple Sti
oil lamp mate 7 8 inch flat cotton oil lantern or oil lamp wick with purple sti
$7.69
quality
Antique E Miller Kerosene Oil Lamp Parts Juno Lamp Burner Gallery
antique e miller kerosene oil lamp parts juno lamp burner gallery
$9.99
quality
Antique Turned Brass Double Wick Oil Piano Lamp
antique turned brass double wick oil piano lamp
$2,700.00
quality
Antique green Eagle kerosene oil lamp with chimney and wick
antique green eagle kerosene oil lamp with chimney and wick
$28.80
quality
NEW SET OF 2 LUOHUA HURRICANE OIL KEROSENE LANTERN LAMP VINTAGE WICK METAL
new set of 2 luohua hurricane oil kerosene lantern lamp vintage wick metal
$39.50
quality
Vintage Stoneware Oil Lamp W Stone Wick Holder Nos
vintage stoneware oil lamp w stone wick holder nos
$19.99
quality
QTY 10 1 8 Fiberglass Wick  Glass Insert for DIY Oil Lamps Mason Jars
qty 10 1 8 fiberglass wick glass insert for diy oil lamps mason jars
$18.60
quality
Mercury Glass Oil Lamp Poinsettia has Stained Glass Look w 1 wicks
mercury glass oil lamp poinsettia has stained glass look w 1 wicks
$4.99
quality
Vintage Lamplight Farms Oil Lamp 13 Ceramic Base Moveable Wick Hurricane Glass
vintage lamplight farms oil lamp 13 ceramic base moveable wick hurricane glass
$10.00
quality
3 Puja Cotton Wicks Long Oil Lamps Diya Hindu Religious Aarti Jyot Bati Diwali
3 puja cotton wicks long oil lamps diya hindu religious aarti jyot bati diwali
$6.63
quality
Antique Sheridan Hand Held Silverplated Oil Lamp W wick Unpolished
antique sheridan hand held silverplated oil lamp w wick unpolished
$37.46
quality
Vintage Wick Cleaner for Aladdin Lamp
vintage wick cleaner for aladdin lamp
$11.95
quality
Old Aladdin Lamp Instructions and new 7half  wick
old aladdin lamp instructions and new 7half wick
$4.00
quality
Lot of 2 Studio Pottery Oil Lamps With Wicks
lot of 2 studio pottery oil lamps with wicks
$24.95
quality
Cotton 1 Flat Lantern Wick 10 Oil Lamp Wick Made in the USA
cotton 1 flat lantern wick 10 oil lamp wick made in the usa
$8.40
quality
PAIR ANTIQUE VINTAGE OIL LAMPs SAIL BOAT AMBER GLASS WICK MID CENTURY
pair antique vintage oil lamps sail boat amber glass wick mid century
$15.95
quality
Oil Lamp Mate 1 Inch Flat Cotton Oil Lantern or Oil Lamp Wick with Purple Sti
oil lamp mate 1 inch flat cotton oil lantern or oil lamp wick with purple sti
$8.01
quality
Kerosene Oil Lamp Round Hanging Glass with Wick Aqua Blue Green
kerosene oil lamp round hanging glass with wick aqua blue green
$14.95
quality
Cotton quarter  Flat Lantern Wick 5 Oil Lamp Wick Made in the USA
cotton quarter flat lantern wick 5 oil lamp wick made in the usa
$5.75
quality
Vintage Bee Hive Pedestal Base Oil Lamp Eagle Burner w Wick Ball Top Chimney
vintage bee hive pedestal base oil lamp eagle burner w wick ball top chimney
$29.99
quality
Blue Round Brown Pottery Oil Lamp with Wick 3 half by 4 inches New with tags
blue round brown pottery oil lamp with wick 3 half by 4 inches new with tags
$5.95
quality
Dietz half  Lantern Wick 6 8 Long Oil Lamp Wick New Red Stripe
dietz half lantern wick 6 8 long oil lamp wick new red stripe
$3.99
quality
Dietz half  Lantern Wick 3 8 Long Oil Lamp Wick New Red Stripe
dietz half lantern wick 3 8 long oil lamp wick new red stripe
$2.25
quality
Dietz 7 8 Lantern Wick 6 8 Long Oil Lamp Wick New Red Stripe
dietz 7 8 lantern wick 6 8 long oil lamp wick new red stripe
$3.99
quality
Dietz 5 8 Lantern Wick 3 8 Long Oil Lamp Wick New Red Stripe
dietz 5 8 lantern wick 3 8 long oil lamp wick new red stripe
$2.25
quality
Dietz 5 8 Lantern Wick 6 8 Long Oil Lamp Wick New Red Stripe
dietz 5 8 lantern wick 6 8 long oil lamp wick new red stripe
$3.99
quality

Antique Brass Lamp Fount w Burner Round Wick Drop in Part Shabby Oil Vtg Font 5
antique brass lamp fount w burner round wick drop in part shabby oil vtg font 5
$59.95
quality
Vintage KAADAN LTD OIL LAMP Geometric Diamond Base Burner Wick Chimney Globe
vintage kaadan ltd oil lamp geometric diamond base burner wick chimney globe
$24.99
quality
VINTAGE Green Glass MINI Kerosene Oil LAMP with Wick
vintage green glass mini kerosene oil lamp with wick
$25.00
quality
Antique Miners Railroad Lamp Oil Wick Marked WT CO Washington Terminal Railroad
antique miners railroad lamp oil wick marked wt co washington terminal railroad
$69.00
quality
ANTIQUE ALADDIN ENGLAND DRAUGHT KERO DRAUGHT LAMP MANTLE LAMP CO ALADDIN WICK
antique aladdin england draught kero draught lamp mantle lamp co aladdin wick
$325.00
quality
Oil Lamp Mate half  Inch Flat Cotton Oil Lantern Or Oil Lamp Wick With Purple Sti
oil lamp mate half inch flat cotton oil lantern or oil lamp wick with purple sti
$25.35
quality
RARE 1880s Victorian Cobalt Blue FAIRY LAMP with WICK HOLDER
rare 1880s victorian cobalt blue fairy lamp with wick holder
$38.00
quality
Brass Dancing Ganesha Ganesh Hanging Oil Wick Diya Lamp Statue lamp Home Decor
brass dancing ganesha ganesh hanging oil wick diya lamp statue lamp home decor
$29.00
quality
Ganesha Ganesh Hanging Oil Wick Lamp Diya Brass Statue Sculpture Ganapati Deity
ganesha ganesh hanging oil wick lamp diya brass statue sculpture ganapati deity
$29.00
quality
Brass Peacock Hanging Oil Wick Lamp Pair Statue Sculpture Diya Gift Home Decor
brass peacock hanging oil wick lamp pair statue sculpture diya gift home decor
$29.00
quality
Vintage Large Oil Lamp with Chimney and wick Emergency Lighting Pedestal Lamp
vintage large oil lamp with chimney and wick emergency lighting pedestal lamp
$29.99
quality
Vintage PA BANNER Victorian Brass Oil Lamp Font with Round Wick Burner d1888
vintage pa banner victorian brass oil lamp font with round wick burner d1888
$30.00
quality
Antique Glass Kerosene Oil Lamp With Eagle Burner Complete With Chimney
antique glass kerosene oil lamp with eagle burner complete with chimney
$24.99
quality
Antique Glass Kerosene Oil Lamp Complete With Chimney  Wick
antique glass kerosene oil lamp complete with chimney wick
$27.50
quality
Antique 19th Century Brass  Ribbed Glass Oil Peg Lamp Font  Wick
antique 19th century brass ribbed glass oil peg lamp font wick
$35.00
quality
Box Lot of 15 Aladdin Oil Lamp Burner Outer Wick Tube Parts Model 7 11 12 23
box lot of 15 aladdin oil lamp burner outer wick tube parts model 7 11 12 23
$24.99
quality
Rare Double Flat Wick Burner Brass Oil Lamp Font
rare double flat wick burner brass oil lamp font
$129.99
quality
Antique Glass Oil Lamp with NEW Wick
antique glass oil lamp with new wick
$29.99
quality
Antique 13 Clear Glass OIL Huricane Lamp with chimnley and wick
antique 13 clear glass oil huricane lamp with chimnley and wick
$21.95
quality
Oil Lamp Mate 3 4 Inch Flat Cotton Oil Lantern Or Oil Lamp Wick With Purple Sti
oil lamp mate 3 4 inch flat cotton oil lantern or oil lamp wick with purple sti
$25.87
quality
2 Cylinder Crystal Glass Oil Candle Hanging Hooked Lamps H 95 with Wick
2 cylinder crystal glass oil candle hanging hooked lamps h 95 with wick
$78.00
quality
Vintage brass oil lamps 2 wick holders made in India 7 tall
vintage brass oil lamps 2 wick holders made in india 7 tall
$24.00
quality
Antique 2 PAT 1877 Richmond Giant Oil Kerosene Lamp Gallery Burner w Wick
antique 2 pat 1877 richmond giant oil kerosene lamp gallery burner w wick
$45.00
quality
Antique 2 Manhattan Brass The Grand Burner Oil Kerosene Lamp Burner w Wick
antique 2 manhattan brass the grand burner oil kerosene lamp burner w wick
$35.00
quality
ANTIQUE COPPER ALADDIN MANTLE LAMP STORE WICK DISPLAY
antique copper aladdin mantle lamp store wick display
$47.99
quality
wall mount oil glass holder and glass oil lamp no shade or wick
wall mount oil glass holder and glass oil lamp no shade or wick
$25.00
quality
Antique Aladdin Kerosene Oil Lamp Nickel Burner w Wick Model B
antique aladdin kerosene oil lamp nickel burner w wick model b
$25.00
quality
Vtg Heavy Clear Glass Oil Lamp Lantern w oil burner and wick Eagle Burner
vtg heavy clear glass oil lamp lantern w oil burner and wick eagle burner
$29.99
quality

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Lamp Wick

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Chiragh I Rawshan †An Ismaili Tradition In Central Asia by Ibrahim

It appears in the Northern Area of Pakistan that a white cloth is spread on the ground and a lamp (chiragh) is burned in the middle. No other light is allowed to be kept or used as long as this lamp remains burning. The Koranic verses and other religious formula are recited while preparing the wicks of the lamp and inserting the oil made of the fat of sacrificial animal. With loud chanting of salwat, the qadi stands in front of the khalifa (headman) and places the lamp down again three times. It exhorts the Oneness of Divine Light in the universe, but has three relations: the relation to God, the Prophet and the Imam of the age. When the lamp is kindled, the believers deduce that the Imam is the bearer of the living Light of God on earth. It is also known from the rites of Afghanistan and other regions of Central Asia that a piece of salt is put into the pan of the grained wheat (dalda), in which a knife is kept. Then, a certain amount of cotton is put into a pot. Someone picks up the pan in recitation of the salwat and presents to the khalifa. The participants stand up in reverence and the khalifa raises his hands and invokes a prayer of twenty-seven verses. The proceeding is followed by the sacrifice of a sheep, which is called dawati. It should not be lean or skinny. It should be fatty, so that the lamp may be burned from the oil of its fat, called rogan-e-zard. The sheep is thoroughly washed. Then, the khalifa picks up the piece of salt with his left hand and smashes into small pieces with the knife holding in his right hand. He relieves the knife and takes salts and three pieces from the grained wheat and puts on the palm of his right hand, mixing them and passes on to his assistant, who gets the sheep to eat the mixture. The khalifa utters the takbir and his assistant facing towards the qibla, slaughters the sheep. It follows the rite of cotton-making (kar pakhta). The khalifa picks up the cotton and gets it touched to his forehead and prepares a long wick (fatila) for the lamp amidst the chanting of the verses of Chirag-nama. This long wick is folded and the khalifa holds its circle in his finger, who cuts it into respectable pieces. Then, the ghee (rogan-e-zard) is poured into a bowl (chinni). The khalifa puts some ghee in the lamp (kandil), then he drenches all the wicks in the bowl. His assistant takes out the wicks and squeezes to make them ready for burning. Then, the wick is inserted in the lamp and lightened. It is placed in the lantern, which is usually made of a special stone (sang-i sanglej), looking like a ship. The lamp is gray in colour.

A.E. Bertels writes in Nasir-i- Khosrove-i Ismailizm (Moscow, 1959) that it originated in Badakhshan, whose inhabitants were the fire-worshippers and brought it in the Ismaili fold, which seems absolutely incorrect. The oral tradition attributes its introduction by Nasir Khusrao (d. 481/1088) during operation of his proselytizing mission in Badakhshan, but it also cannot be ascertained. Nasir Khusrao used to arrange the assemblies (majalis) in the villages, known as majalis-i dawat. It is however gleaned from different views that the majalis-i dawat later took the present form of majalis-i chiragh-i rawshan.

The word chiragh, dipak, kandil, fanus, siraj or misbah are common terms for the lamp. In Greek, it is called lampas (torch), in German lampein (to shine), in Roman liex or luc (light) and in French lampe or lampas. The lamp was invented in Stone Age about 70,000 B.C., which was a hollow-out rock filled with fat. It was followed by an invention of a pottery lamp, in which oil was burned in Mediterrean regions. Example from about 2000 B.C. have come from Greek rock tombs in Palestine. Sometimes shaped as bird or fish, and it spread in Iran, Africa, Asia and Rome. No lamp was prevalent in Greece till 7th century B.C. The oldest lamp is a shallow stone basin discovered from French Paleotilic. The Hebrew word lappidh also means lamp, and its description is found in the Old Testament: â€God commanded that a lamp filled with the purest oil of olives should always burn in Tabernacle of the Testimony without the veil†(Exod. 27:20). The Arabic word misbah (pl. masabih) means lamp, occurring three times in the Koran, once in singular (24:35) and twice in plural (41:12, 67:5). Another word for the lamp is siraj (pl. surujun), occurring four times in the Koran (25:61, 33:46, 71:16 and 78:13). The light of the Prophet is also compared to a luminous lamp (siraj’i munir) in the Koran (33:46). It infers from the Diwan (Cairo, 1933, 1:44) of Ibn Hani (d. 362/973) that each Fatimid Imam was considered to be an emanation of the Divine Light, and numerous epithets described his brilliance and luminousness: al-agharr, al-azhar, al-mutalliq, al-mutadaffiq, al-mutaballij or al-wadda. As the construction of Cairo continued, new mosques would come to be known by names evoking this special quality associated with the Imam: al-Azhar, al-Anwar or al-Aqmar.

After the migration of the Prophet in Medina, the first thing to be done was to build a cathedral mosque. It was constructed on a plot, measuring 54 yards width and 60 yards in length, known as the Prophet’s Mosque (Masjid-i-Nawi). It is said that the palm-leaves (sa’af al-nakhl) were burnt for lightening the interior of the mosque. Qurtubi (d. 671/1272) writes in al-Ta’rif fil Ansab (Cairo, 1987, p. 252) that a Syrian merchant, called Tamim al-Dhari (d. 40/660) brought a lamp (kandil) with oil and wick from his native Syria to Medina and donated for the mosque. His lightening of a lamp in the mosque was an important social event, which was not only approved but also recommended by the Prophet who, gave him a nickname of Siraj (lamp). Thus, the use of lamps at night in mosque became a universal practice among Muslims. The Prophet is said to have permitted a woman, Maymuna to send oil in Jerusalem sanctuary (bayt al-muqadis) in order to light the lamps (Abu Daud, 1:48).

It was a custom of Ali bin Abu Talib to cause his friends to meet him in his house in Kufa and lit a lamp in their midst. Nasir Khusaro reported in his Safarnama (tr. W.M. Thackston, New York, 1986, pp. 55-58) a widespread use of lamps, made of brass and silver in the holy places of Hebron, Bethlehem and Jerusalem. He further noted that the lamp oil, called zayt harr was derived from turnip seed and radish seed. He also wrote that in the mosque of Cairo, there was a huge silver lampholder or chandelier with sixteen branches, each of which was 1 cubits long. Its circumference was 24 cubits, and it could hold as many as seven hundred odd lamps on holiday evenings. The weight is said to be 25 kantars of silver, a kantar being 100 rotls, a rotl being 144 silver dhirams. More than a hundred lamps were kindled in the mosque of Cairo every night. On the north side of the mosque was a bazar Suq al-Kandil (lamp market).

When Imam Muhammad al-Bakir died in 114/733, his son Imam Jafar Sadik ordered to lit a lamp in the house (al-Kafi, 3: 25). The tradition also indicates that a lamp was also kindled in the house when Imam Jafar Sadik died in 148/765. It is probable that the adherents would have started the practice in their regions.

It is yet indeterminable point, how and when this obscure rite entered into the Ismaili tradition?

In India, the three centuries of Muslim rule (603-933/1206-1526), generally known as the Sultanate period, witnessed the rise and fall of five dynasties: the Slave (603-690/1206-1290), the Khaljis (690-720/1290-1320), the Tughlaqs (720-816/1320-1413), the Sayeds (816-855/1414-1451) and the Lodis (855-933/1451-1526). Then, the Mughal empire was founded in 933/1526. Qutbuddin Aibak (d. 607/1210) was the first Turkish king of the Slave dynasty in India, whose armies had evolved and developed in Persian lands, and consequently the Pesian stamp was very deep upon them. The armies were modelled on the armies of the Persia with the same arms, equipment and tactics. The slaves of the imperial household maintained the Persian tradition in Delhi. These Turks, in their social life also followed the Persian customs, etiquettes and ceremonials. The old Persian customs of zamindos (ground kissing) was also introduced. India specially provided benign climate to the festival of Shab-i Barat, which was festivated for four days.

Shab-i Barat (night of quittancy) is a popular fete among the general Muslims, which takes place on the 14th of the month of Sha’ban. Its native land is Iran, and the Slave dynasty brought and spread it in Indian soil, where the people very rapidly found it coherence in their own tradition. On this day, the people assemble and make offerings of bread, sweet rice, halwa and flasks of water and offer prayers and intercessions for the departed souls. According to Muslim Festivals in India (Paris, 1831, tr. W. Waseem, New Delhi, 1995, pp. 76-77) that the people kindle lamp (chiragh) and recite the following prayer, known as the Fatiha Chiraghan:

â€O God, through the merit of the light of the apostolate, our Lord Muhammad, may the lamp that we burn on this holy night, be for the dead a guarantee of the eternal light which we pray to you for. O God of ours! Deign to admit them in the room of unchanging felicityâ€

Having expressed the above intention, they recite the first and the 102nd chapters of the Koran. This ceremony lasts for three days. There was a popular custom also to send lamps to the mosque, vide I’jaz-i Khusaro (Lucknow, 1876, 4:324) by Amir Khusaro (d. 820/1325).

The festival of Shab-i Barat fostered and dressed in Iran, and then introduced in Afghanistan and India also under the name of Fatiha Chiraghan during the 12th century, and it is possible that the Ismailis of Afghanistan had certain proctivity towards it. Thanks to an oral tradition in this context shrouded in mist for centuries in Tajikistan, which is a key to solve the complications hitherto remained unsolved. The tradition has it that an Ismaili, called Taj Mughal (d. 725/1325) of Badakhshan was deadly against the festival of Shab-i Barat. Instead, he transformed the local traditional assembly, called majalis-i dawat into a specific rite in the house, where a death took place. In the midst, a lamp was kindled and the Koranic verses and the qasida of Nasir Khusaro were recited. This was an original form of the presently known ceremony of chiragh-i rawshan. The selected qasida were reserved for it, whose collection later became known as the Chirag-nama, which is traditional more and historical less. We should however not ignore that the thought of majalis-i dawat was originally propounded by Nasir Khusaro about two hundred years before the advent of Taj Mughal.

Taj Mughal was an origin of Badakhshan, where he had given shelter to Shah Ra’is Khan of Trakhan dynasty of Gilgit and Hunza. Shah Ra’is Khan embraced Ismailism and married to the daughter of Taj Mughal. After some years he persuaded Taj Mughal to occupy Gilgit. Thus, he mustered a sizable force and conquered Chitral at first, then Yasin, Koh Ghizr and Puniyal were subdued. He entered Gilgit, ruled by Torra Khan (d. 735/1335), who submitted and accepted Ismaili faith. Shah Ra’is Khan became the ruler of Chitral, where he founded the Ra’isia dynasty and promulgated Ismailism. It was at this time that the Ismaili faith penetrated in Gilgit, Hunza and Chitral with the indescribable efforts of Taj Mughal. He is said to have proceeded to Sikiang through Pamir. The historians have described an extensive territory under his domination. On the north greater part of Turkistan, on the west the whole area including the city of Herat, and on the south-east right upto the border of Chitral. It implies that when the rite of chiragh-i rawshan was in its formative stage, Taj Mughal spread it in most parts of the Central Asia. The veracity of this tradition however cannot be substantiated from the extant sources, nevertheless, it cannot be brushed aside as untrue. Whether historically true or not, the above tradition embodies certain grains of truth.

In the course of its evolution, the ceremony was reserved for a long time only for the dead person, and was performed not on the night of 14th Sha’ban. It is also likelihood that the reason for giving it the ceremonial name of chiragh-i rawshan was to distinguish it with the rite of the Shab-i Barat, known as the fatiha chiraghan.

The chiragh-i rawshan was not emanated from Shab-i Barat, but exercised a safeguard against it. Neither the fireworks are conducted, nor the graves are venerated, and also no specific time is fixed for it. Later, it was divided in four different assemblies (majalis), namely dawat-i fana, dawat-i baqa, dawat-i safa and dawat-i raza. The last two majalis are now not prevalent.

Majalis-i dawat-i fana

It almost resembles the practice of the ruhani majalis prevalent in the Indian tradition. When one dies, his family members and relatives assemble in his house for three days, known as the dawat-i fana. His family does not cook food for three days, but only a lamp is kindled. Major J. Biddulph writes in Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh (Karachi, 1977, p. 123) that, â€On the evening of the appointed day, a caliph comes to the house, and food is cooked and offered to him. He eats a mouthful and places a piece of bread in the mouth of the dead man’s heir, after which the rest of the family partake. The lamp is then lighted, from which the ceremony is called â€Chirag Roshan,†and a six-stringed guitar called gherba being produced, singing is kept up for the whole night.â€

The dawat-i fana exhorts that when a believer dies, it is his physical death not spiritual. His soul quits the earthy body and assumes celestial body (jism-i falaki). He was a dark himself on earth, but now he becomes light. The brightness is thus eluded symbolically in the lamp. There is a separation among bodies, but not in the light. There is nothing except union in the light after death. It emanates in another interpretation that the fire denotes ardent love and its light is the knowledge, therefore, unless a believer burns in the fire of love with Imam, the light of knowledge is not sparked in his heart. It will be interesting to note that Missionary Muhammad Murad Ali Juma (1878-1966), known as Bapu died in Bombay on February 4, 1966. In his message of February 14, 1966, the Imam said: â€I grieved greatly the loss of one of my most devoted spiritual children. His services were above reproach and he was a Candle of Light and example to my jamats.†Full Article

Mumtaz Ali Tajddin S. Ali is an Ismaili Scholar, He has written many books on history & culture of Islam and Ismailism, Mumtaz Ali recently published book 101 Ismaili Heroes is very much popular because of its material, must read about Encyclopedia of Ismailism.

Article Source: http://www.earticlesonline.com/Article/Chiragh-I-Rawshan-----An-Ismaili-Tradition-In-Central-Asia/307662

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